The liver and upper gastrointestinal system. Rational diagnostics: integration and revision of somato-cranial and cranio-somatic dysfunctions. Visceral osteopathy 2: the liver and the venous portal system, the upper gastrointestinal tract – applied anatomy and physiology, osteopathic pathophysiology, hints of embiology 2/2 , injury mechanisms. Palpatory techniques, examination and treatment of dysfunctions of the esophagus and stomach, treatment of hiatal hernia, techniques for gastric atony. Liver and spleen anatomy and physiology, applied anatomy and physiology, osteopathic pathophysiology, injury mechanisms. Palpatory and percussion techniques, mobility tests for the liver and spleen, osteopathic treatment for liver steatosis, normalization techniques. Osteopathic treatment of the spleen.
Visceral osteopathy 2: the lower gastrointestinal system. Applied anatomy and physiology, osteopathic pathophysiology, lesion mechanisms. Osteopathic considerations on intestinal irritation syndrome, duodenum, ileum, colon and intestinal valve system, study of visceral motility-mobility, visceral somatic, visceral and somato visceral osteopathic dysfunctions, palpation, mobility and motility tests, osteopathic normalizations.
Nutrition science: function of absorption and elimination, biliary system and pancreas.
Visceral osteopathy 2: kidneys, ureters, bladder and adrenal glands. Applied anatomy and physiology, osteopathic pathophysiology, lesions of the urogenital system, relationships of somato-visceral and viscero-somatic dysfunctions of the kidney and bladder, osteopathic techniques for the prevention of kidney stones, treatment of cystitis and urethritis with somato-visceral and visceral-visceral etiology.
Visceral osteopathy 3: osteopathy in female disorders. Applied anatomy and physiology, osteopathic pathophysiology, hints of hembiology 3, lesion mechanisms of the female urogenital system and pelvic floor, palpation and osteopathic evaluation of urogenital dysfunctions of the uterus and related organs, external abdominal normalization techniques, considerations on postural stress present in pregnancy, preparation and assistance for childbirth, treatment of coccygeal dysfunctions with external techniques.
Review and additions, Exam session
The fine postural system. Definition and classification of posturology and postures. Notes on the main receptors, hints on the visual, vestibular, perception of the foot, proprioceptive, visceral perception, scars. The stomatognathic entry, tongue and hyoid bone, central modulation, the neurological centers connected to the postural system. The outputs of the postural system and its laws: muscle tone, tonic muscles, phasic muscles, concepts of muscle and myofascial chains.
Postural clinical examination. Medical history, flash exam, integrated osteopathic-postural tests for primary lesions, ortho-posturo-dynamic concept and practice with baropodometric and stabilometric platform, clinical manifestations of “postural damage”, (localized, generalized, lateralized and systems), main postural reflexes (cutaneous-plantar, nuchal, oculomotor, lingual, translation of the jaw). Rotator test, foot convergence test, Fukuda test, Romberg test, Bassani test, eye convergence test, intra-oral palpation test, exogenous parasitic tests (glasses, scars, orthodontic appliances, footwear, dental prostheses).
Postural cranio-temporo-mandibular and foot therapy. Design of functional bite with Easy-Bite method, design of the insole of proprioceptive postural reprogramming.
Review and additions, Exam session